Distinction cocoa Ecuador
Different varieties of cocoa
There are about 20 known cocoa varieties, but there are many hundreds of hybrids (crossings)! Chocolate is made of 4 varieties of cocoa: Forastero, Criollo, Trinitario and Arriba.
– Forastero includes 90% of all commercial cocoa. These are bulk cocoa beans, which grow in Africa. The largest producer of this bulk cocoa is Ivory Coast (West Africa) and the second largest producer is Ghana.
– Flavor cocoa beans, such as the Criollo, Trinitario and Arriba include only 5 to 10% of all commercial cocoa. These flavor cocoa beans come from Ecuador, Colombia, Indonesia, Venezuela, Papua New Guinea, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Costa Rica, Grenada and some Caribbean and Latin American countries.
Cocoa Arriba is grown mainly in South America, to the west of the Andes, particularly in Ecuador. In other countries cocoa Arriba is not growing! And that makes cocoa Arriba from Ecuador so special.
• Cocoa Arriba is fragile and susceptible to disease and has a difficult growth.
• Cocoa Arriba has a sweet floral aroma and contains little bitterness.
• Cocoa Arriba is creamy and has a strong taste.
70% of the total cocoa production in Ecuador is cocoa Arriba; a quality and flavor cocoa!
12 Associations in 12 different cocoa areas
Ecuador has 12 different cocoa associations, each of which is located in a different area of Ecuador. The cocoa each association has its own specific flavor characteristics.
Together with the National Institute for Agricultural Research (INIAP) and the organization Conservación & Desarrollo the 12 cocoa associations have developed an organoleptic analysis program. This is translated into a folder with 12 different cocoa areas and their organoleptic characteristics. The project arose from the desire of many cocoa farmers to taste and analyze their own chocolate. Instead of just relying on reports from customers.
The market access for small-scale cocoa farmers in Ecuador is enhanced by organoleptic analysis of their chocolate.
INIAP = Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias National Institute for Agricultural Research
For more info about INIAP: http://www.iniap.gob.ec
Conservación & Desarrollo (Conservation and Development) is a group of independent, non-profit and non-governmental citizens with the mission of sustainable development, promoting rational use of natural resources and increasing public awareness about the managment of resources. For more information: http://www.ccd.ec
Particular climate Ecuador
Ecuador has enormous microclimates. You can almost say that while traveling through Ecuador every 10 minutes there is a different climate! This is due to its location on the equator, the giant Andes volcanoes that go towards 7 km altitude and its location by the sea in the west. And there are no seasons like spring, summer, autumn and winter. By this particular climate there are many diversities of one product category, for example 17 types of lemons.